Building of action and representation of action during infancy, childhood and adolescence
CNRS- Université De Provence , Equipe Développement et Pathologie de l'Action, Pôle 3C Laboratoire Neurosciences Intégratives & Adaptatives (UMR 6149), Centre St Charles - Case B, 3 Place Victor Hugo 13331 Marseille Cedex 03 – France
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The early action/perception matching, subserving the motor simulation network, is probably a major milestone for the building of action and representation of action during the course of ontogenesis.We have developed a functional approach of motor development based on a gradual mastering of coordination, adaptation and anticipation in postural control in the course of ontogenesis from babies to adolescents. This functional approach is recently associated with studies of brain structures involved in action and representation of action in children and adolescents. From our developmental studies, it was possible to put in light two turning points during motor development, such as 6/7 years of age and adolescence. The first step for children consists in building a repertoire of postural strategies. The second step consists in learning to select postural strategy depending on the characteristics of the task and the environmental requirements. An appropriate selection means to anticipate the consequence of the movement in order to maintain balance control and efficiency of the task. Taking into account the complexity of the parameters to control and the late maturation of anticipation and representation of action, it is not surprising that the development of postural control continues up to late periods during childhood and adolescence.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2011