Precision viticulture in Brazil: Current research status on wine grape
1 Embrapa Uva e Vinho, 95700-000 Bento Gonçalves, RS, Brazil
2 Embrapa Clima Temperado, 96010-971 Pelotas, RS, Brazil
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Technologies associated to precision viticulture (PV) are not currently used by Brazilian growers. To overcome this situation, a research is being carried out since 2011 in a vineyard of Merlot using a wide range of PV technologies. During this period, several PV research activities were performed which will be concluded in a couple of years. Therefore, final results depend on further variable evaluation which should be done by means of geostatistic, Geographic Information Systems and Principal Component Analysis. This paper briefly presents a series of methodological procedures used in different ways to attain the objective of this research project. In the sequence, it describes one final result and nine partial ones. Morphological and physicochemical analyses of soil showed that the vineyards are established on three taxonomic classes of soil – Argissolo, Cambissolo and Neossolo −, which are formed by ten mapping units. The partial results are mainly related to the utilization of GIS, modeling and must and wine composition of five mapping units; however they show results of only one year. With the complete set of analyses, data should be spatialized and maps prepared. Then, it will be possible to recommend different practices to each soil type and to aid oenologists to direct wines to a specific quality pattern.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2014
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