Effects of terroir on the terpene compounds of Muscat of Bornova Native white grape variety grown in Turkey
1 Çukurova University, Department of Biotechnology, Adana, Turkey
2 Çukurova University, Agriculture Faculty, Food Engineering Department, Adana, Turkey
3 Adana Science and Technology University, Faculty of Engineering and Natural Science, Food Engineering Department, Adana, Turkey
4 Ege University, Agricultural Faculty, Horticulture Department, İzmir, Turkey
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Muscat of Bornova is a white and aromatic native grape variety of Vitis vinifera which is largely predominant in the İzmir-Manisa province of the Aegan region. In this study, the effect of three different terroirs (Kemaliye, Halilbeyli, Menderes) located in İzmir-Manisa province and two different years (2013–2014) on the terpene compounds of Muscat of Bornova grapes were investigated. The terpene compounds were extracted by using liquid–liquid extraction method and identified and quantified by GC–MS-FID. In 2013 vintage eighteen terpene compounds were identified and quantified. The concentration of total terpene compounds in Muscat of Bornova grapes from Menderes determined 2.1 mg/l, in Halilbeyli 1.3 mg/l and in Kemaliye 1.7 mg/l. In 2014 vintage eighteen terpene compounds were identified and quantified. In 2014 a total concentration of terpene compounds decreased in grapes from Menderes and determined 1.8 mg/L, in Halilbeyli the results were the same as the first vintage and found 1.3 mg/l and in Kemaliye there was an increase with 2.6 mg/l. Among monoterpenes, linalool, α-terpineol, citronellol, nerol and geraniol show significant differences between different terroirs.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.