Mastering Energy Management During Rowing Using Virtual Reality
Charles P. Hoffmann*, Alessandro Filippeschi†, Emanuele Ruffaldi†, Sébastine Blanc*, Luc Verbrugge* and Benoît G. Bardy*
Movement to Health (M2H) Laboratory, EuroMov, Montpellier-1 University, France
(†) Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa, Italy
This study focused on one of the most important factors in rowing performance which is the ability demonstrated by elite rowers to regulate their effort during a 2000m race in order to produce their best performance. Experts are known to adopt a particular pacing strategy with a fast-start profile. The purpose of our study was to test by using virtual reality whether novice rowers were able to acquire this energy management skill during a 2000m race, with positive consequences for their rowing performance. Participants from the Avatar group were instructed to track a virtual boat, which velocity was previously calibrated to follow the appropriate to-be-learned velocity profile. This group was contrasted with a control group, which followed a classic training procedure. Our results indicate that the avatar group improved its performance (decrease in race duration), learned and maintained the expert profile. These effects were absent in the control group. Together, these results indicate that virtual reality can be used to accelerate the learning of energy-related skills.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2011