BIO Web Conf.
Volume 11, 2018IV(VI)th All-Russia Scientific-Practical Conference “Prospects of Development and Challenges of Modern Botany”
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||21 August 2018|
Specialized pollinators and seed production of Trollius species introduced in Western Siberia
FSEE HPE FSEI “Novosibirsk State Agrarian University”, Russia
2 FSIS “Central Siberian botanical garden SB RAS”, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In five species of Trollius L., seed production of fruits was studied, plants being grown in culture in the forest steppe zone in Western Siberia. 2 species representing Chiastocheta genus were identified as specialized pollinators (Diptera, Anthomyiidae). Those insects pollinate the flowers and damage the seeds of three globeflower species: T. apertus, T. europaeus T. asiaticus. The flower season of other two species (T. chinensis and T. ledebourii) starts later and the plants can’t be exposed to invasion, as Chiastocheta flies are at their larval stage yet. Pollination of these species is performed by non-specialized agents. The lowest rate of seed production realization of about 20% is registered in T. europaeus, while in T. ledebourii it is the highest comprising 71%. We consider the flies of Chiastocheta genus as an important part of the complex of factors lowering seed productivity in Trollius and their relationship as parasitism. Thus, in West Siberia for Trollius seed production increase, measures intended to reduce Chiastocheta abundance will be useful.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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