BIO Web Conf.
Volume 11, 2018IV(VI)th All-Russia Scientific-Practical Conference “Prospects of Development and Challenges of Modern Botany”
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||21 August 2018|
Cone quality and seed efficiency in the clones from mutational witches brooms of Pinus sibirica
Institute of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch 634055 Tomsk, 10/3 Academichesky ave., Russia
2 Tomsk State University, 634050 Tomsk, 36 Lenina ave., Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Mutational witches' broom is a fragment of the tree crown with abnormal morphogenesis including slow shoot growth, abundant branching and decreased apical dominance which caused by somatic mutation that presumably originates in the apical meristem bud. To study the variability in the cone quality and seed efficiency in witches' broom clones of Pinus sibirica, the cone size and structure were assessed in 21 mutant clones. The mutant clones were significantly differentiated both by the cone traits and seed quality. Their cone size varied from less than 3 to 4 cm. The clones had large number of sterile scales in proximal and distal cone parts, and from 16 to 39 fertile scales per cone. Cones from all mutant clones were inferior to average normal cones of the species. Six clones had large portion of filled seeds, more than 70%, and the other clones had less than 50% of filled seeds. The clones had 10-33% of empty seeds and 1-73% of seeds with collapsed megagametophyte per cone. In general, the seed quality in mutants was quite low, but individual clones had almost normal seed quality, and their seed efficiency was within the species norm.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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