BIO Web Conf.
Volume 12, 201941st World Congress of Vine and Wine
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Economy and Law|
|Published online||19 February 2019|
Innovation, competitiveness and sustainability factors for evaluation and prospection of geographical indications in Brazil
1 Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio Grande do Sul (IFRS), Rua Orvaldo Aranha, 540, CEP 95000-206, Bento Gonçalves, RS, Brazil
2 University of Caxias do Sul (UCS), Master in Biotechnology and Viticultural Manegement, Rua Francisco Getúlio Vargas, 1130, CEP 95.070-560, Caxias do Sul, RS, Brazil
The paper systematizes critical factors for the development of Geographical Indications, allowing to identify potentials of intervention in order to support GIs' structuring and consolidation, to prospect new ones and to compare GIs from different regions or products. Despite the importance of the GIs, there is a relative consensus among experts that its success is related to factors ranging from actor engagement and governance to institutional support and public policy. Twenty critical factors were selected, classified into five dimensions: environmental, economic, social, political-institutional and territorial. The factors were evaluated and validated by ten experts regarding their pertinence and relation with sustainability, innovation and competitiveness. The evaluation of the experts validated the 20 factors, considering more significant those linked to the territorial and political-institutional dimensions. Environmental factors were considered important but not essential; however, the process of consolidation of GIs has the potential to improve performance in this direction. Also, the evaluation allowed to relate the main factors in terms of innovation, competitiveness and sustainability for GIs' structuring and management. The application of the scale allows assessing different regions, indicating opportunities and barriers for their development.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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