BIO Web Conf.
Volume 25, 2020International Scientific Online-Conference “Bioengineering in the Organization of Processes Concerning Breeding and Reproduction of Perennial Crops” 2020
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Biologizing Technologies in Modern Plant Nursery|
|Published online||01 October 2020|
Increasing the technological and economic efficiency of nursery production based on processes biologization*
Federal State Budget Scientific Institution «North Caucasian Federal Scientific Center of Horticulture, Viticulture, Wine-making», str. 40 Let Pobedy, 39, Krasnodar, 350901, Russia
** Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The necessity of reformatting the structural organization of processes, which determines the priority of using the ways, forms and methods of the sixth technological structure, in particular, biotechnologies is actualized. The main definitions are given: nursery, biologization, greening, resource saving, promising technology. The analysis of the efficiency of sapling fruit production, the structural organization of specific processes for the production of planting material and sapling is presented. The main elements of the agrocenosis, which are most susceptible to chemical and technogenic effects, have been determined. The analysis of soil fertility and the state of soil biota is carried out, the problem of microbiological processes branch in all agrocenosis elements is actualized. It was found that the increased chemical load on the agrocenosis of the fruit nursery led to the destruction of microflora useful species. The nature of plant organs infection has changed, and negative changes have occurred in the plants immune status. The priority role of biologization in ensuring the stability of the fruit nursery agrocenosis has been substantiated.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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