BIO Web Conf.
Volume 25, 2020International Scientific Online-Conference “Bioengineering in the Organization of Processes Concerning Breeding and Reproduction of Perennial Crops” 2020
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||The Fundamental Basis of Breeding and Improving of Horticultural Crops and Grape Varieties|
|Published online||01 October 2020|
Wild grapes of Kuban, their ecological and biological features of growth
Anapa Zonal Experimental Station of Viticulture and Wine-making – branch of Federal State Budget Scientific Institution “North Caucasian Federal Scientific Center of Horticulture, Viticulture, Winemaking”, 36 ave. Pionersky, Anapa, 353456, Russia
2 Federal State Budgetary Institution “State Nature Reserve “Utrish”, 41 str. Severnaya, Anapa, 353445, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The biodiversity of the Vitaceae Juss family is studied with more interest than before, but still not fully according to the current scientific literature. For example, indigenous varieties and wild forms of grapes are known in the Crimea, Dagestan, along the banks of the Don and in other regions, but there is practically no data about wild and autochthonic grapes in the Kuban. This work presents new data about wild grapes studied in the Krasnodar region in the forests of the “Red forest” reserve. The ecological and geographical conditions of their growth are studied in detail. The description of plant community where the studied plant forms grow is conducted. Isolated populations of wild grapes, presumably belonging to the species of Vitis vinifera ssp. silvestris Gmel. or its varieties - var. Tipica Negr. (typical wild forest grapes) were ampelographically studied. Samples were taken for further genetic analysis to identify the origin of these forms and identify promising donors of resistance to various environmental stressors for use in the breeding process.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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