BIO Web Conf.
Volume 35, 2021VIII All-Russian Conference with International Participation “MOUNTAIN ECOSYSTEMS AND THEIR COMPONENTS”, dedicated to the Year of Science and Technology in the Russian Federation
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||17 September 2021|
Sexual size dimorphism variation in altitude gradients in ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae)
United Administration of Barguzinsky State Natural Biosphere Reserve and Zabaikalsky National Park» (FSE “ZapovednoePodlemorye”), Ulan-Ude 670045 Russian Federation
2 Institute of General and Experimental Biology Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; Ulan-Ude, 670047 Russian Federation
3 Laboratory of Biomonitoring Institute of Problems in Ecology and Mineral Wealth Academy of Sciences of Tatarstan Republic, Kazan, 420087 Russian Federation
4 Department of Ecosystem Modeling, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, 420000 Russian Federation
5 Chechen State Pedagogical University, Grozniy, 364050 Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In this study, we verified the theory about the greatest steepness in body size variation in insects males compared with females in altitude gradients. As the model, ground beetles took as the appreciated bioindicators. We sampled three species of carabids at two regions: Carabus odoratus and Pterostihusmontanus were sampled at four elevations at Barguzin Ridge (N 54° 20’; E 109° 30’, Russia) and Carabus exaratus – at three elevations in mountainous terrain in Chechnya Republic (42088’N 46044’E Russia). We measured more than 1000 individuals by six linear traits and construct regression models of females’ and males’ size variation along elevation gradients. The regression slopes in the majority of the overwhelming case (14 models out of 18) were sex-biased. In P. montanus elytra length variation and C. exaratus traits width variation, the slopes differed in males and females only: In the first case, trait value in females significantly increased and in the second traits values varied in opposite directions. Therefore, we did not find evidence of greater steepness in male traits variation in ground beetles.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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