BIO Web Conf.
Volume 36, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Fundamental Scientific Research and Their Applied Aspects in Biotechnology and Agriculture” (FSRAABA 2021)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Topical Issues of Veterinary and Animal Science, Biotechnology of Production and Processing of Agricultural Products|
|Published online||01 October 2021|
Mass fraction of fat, protein, and their ratio in Simmental breed cows’ milk
1 Federal State Institutions Federal Research Centre Tyumen Scientific Centre of Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Tyumen Scientific Centre SB RAS), Tyumen, Russia
2 Federal State Budgetary General Educational Institution of Higher Education “State Agrarian University of the Northern Trans-Urals”, Tyumen, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
An important role in ensuring the taste and nutritional properties of milk belongs to its chemical composition, particularly the content of fat, protein, vitamins, and minerals. Numerous studies have confirmed the hypothesis of a close relationship between the proportion of milk fat and milk protein, which ideal ration is 1.1: 1.0 - 1.5: 1.0. It is this ratio that not only ensures the harmonious taste of the product but is also an indicator of a complete balanced feeding of animals. The studies were carried out in January - March 2021 at the breeding plant of the Simmental breed in the Tyumen region. The chemical composition of milk was determined in the laboratory for selection control of milk quality of the FSBEI of Higher Education “SAU of the Northern Trans-Urals”. The ratio between the mass fraction of fat and mass fraction of protein on average for the first three months of 2021 can be considered stable. In the milk of 20.0 - 27.8% of cows, there was a shift in equilibrium towards a decrease in butterfat content between the mass fraction of fat and mass fraction of protein, in turn, an increase in butterfat content relative to protein was noted in milk of 2.1 - 3.0% of cows. Equilibrium shift between butterfat and protein over 1.5: 1.0 suggests the risk of ketosis in the herd. In this regard, we recommend carrying out additional diagnostics on the content of ketone bodies in the blood and urine of cows during the milking period to confirm the presumptive diagnosis.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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