BIO Web Conf.
Volume 36, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Fundamental Scientific Research and Their Applied Aspects in Biotechnology and Agriculture” (FSRAABA 2021)
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Modern Directions of Highly Productive Environmentally Friendly Agricultural and Aquaculture, Development and Implementation of Systems for the Rational Use of Modern Means of Chemical and Biological Protection of Agricultural Plants|
|Published online||01 October 2021|
"Green farming" - a set of technologies of the future
FSBIS Institute of Water Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Gubkina St., 3 119333, Moscow, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The purpose of the work was to demonstrate the evolution of agricultural technologies, which leads to the orientation of agriculture towards the use of nature-like farming, using the example of the human civilization development. It was shown that in the XX century, the stage of development of soil cultivation technologies, associated with the transition from "gray" extensive technologies for managing natural resources, which were focused on momentary economic feasibility, to non-traditional farming technologies, began. It was demonstrated that a natural transition is currently taking place from the technology development strategy based on the principle of maximum entropy production by G. Ziegler, to the strategy of minimum entropy production by I. Prigozhin, which is based on the rationalization of the use of the planet's resources. It was confirmed that at the present stage humanity has approached the change of technologies from the extensive development and use of natural resources to rationalizing their use − "green farming", which is characterized by a more natural agricultural technology of soil cultivation; mulching its surface with plant residues which leads to a decrease in soil erosion and unproductive evaporation; minimizing soil compaction; reducing the need for irrigation; reducing the use of herbicides through the use of cover crops, etc.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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