BIO Web Conf.
Volume 37, 2021International Scientific-Practical Conference “Agriculture and Food Security: Technology, Innovation, Markets, Human Resources” (FIES 2021)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||27 October 2021|
Productive and biological features of breeding Irish pigs of various genotypes in Western Siberia
Altai State Agricultural University, 98, Prospekt Krasnoarmeyskiy, Barnaul, 656049, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The present work studies the productive and biological characteristics of breeding Irish pigs of different genotypes in the conditions of Western Siberia. Pure-bred selection of Large White pigs (WP) was used in the first control group and intra-breed selection of Landrace pigs (LP) was used in the second control group. The following patterns of interbreeding were used in the experimental groups: ♀WP × ♂LP (third group), ♀LP × ♂WP (fourth group). In terms of reproductive qualities, the best combination should be considered the selection of ♀WP × ♂LP, in which 8.1% (p <0.05) more piglets were obtained at 30 days, with a 10.0% (p <0.05) higher weight of the nest at 30 days and 3.6% (p <0.05) greater safety than in the first control group. The combination of breeds according to the ♀LP × ♂WP scheme contributed to an increase in the average daily 13.7% (p <0.05) gain in live weight of the resulting offspring. At the age of 4 months, piglets of the LP × WP genotype had a 10.9% (p <0.05) higher content of total protein in the blood serum than in animals of the Large White breed. The muscle tissue of Large White pigs was characterized by a 5.2% (p <0.05) higher moisture binding capacity in relation to Landrace pigs. The melting point of fatty tissue was lower in Large White pigs by 14.3% (p <0.05). The fatty tissue of LP × WP hybrids has a 10.0% higher melting point (p <0.05) in contrast to Large White pigs.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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