BIO Web Conf.
Volume 40, 2021III International Symposium “Innovations in Life Sciences” (ILS 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Innovations in Food Technology|
|Published online||20 December 2021|
Phytochemical analysis and antioxidant assay of Melissa officinalis L. (lemon balm)
University “Lucian Blaga”, 550024, Sibiu, Romania
2 Belgorod State National Research University, 308015, Belgorod, Russia
Melissa officinalis L. called in popular language lemon balm is a medicinal plant belonging to the Lamiaceae family. The plant contains a variety of bioactive compounds among which volatile oils, flavonoids and phenolic acids. These are responsible for a lot of beneficial effects in disease relief. Lemon balm has antioxidant, antimicrobial, neuroprotective, anxiolytic, spasmolytic and other effects. Important for its antioxidant activity are flavonoids and phenolic acids which are well known for their ability to scavenge the free radicals. Due to this effect, lemon balm protects against the development of degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, cardiovascular disease, cancer and dermatological disorders. In this study we extracted and determined the content of the volatile oil and flavonoids from Melissa officinalis L. and we investigated the antioxidant activity of an extract obtained from dried aerial parts of lemon balm. The results showed that the volatile oil content was low (0.17 mL/100 g vegetal material). The total flavonoid content was 0.965 g rutoside/100 g of vegetal product and the antioxidant activity was 90.40 %. From this study, we concluded that Melissa officinalis L. is a potential source of antioxidant compounds with a lot of other benefits for human health.
Key words: Melissa officinalis L / antioxidant assay / lemon balm
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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