BIO Web Conf.
Volume 42, 2022International Scientific and Practical Conference “Sustainable Development of Traditional and Organic Agriculture in the Concept of Green Economy” (SDGE 2021)
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Agrobiotechnology in Crop and Livestock Production|
|Published online||13 January 2022|
The expediency of using a plant protection system using the microbiological fungicide BisolbiSan, W in the cultivation of winter wheat in the Southern natural and agricultural zone of the Rostov region
Branch of the Federal State Budgetary Institution “Russian Agricultural Center” in the Rostov region, 1st Cavalry Army Street, 15, 344029 Rostov-on-Don, Russia
2 Don State Technical University, Gagarin Sq., 1, 344003 Rostov-on-Don, Russia
3 Novocherkassk Engineering and Reclamation Institute named after A.K. Kortunov branch of the Don State Agrarian University, Pushkinskaya Street, 111, 346428 Novocherkassk, Rostov region, Russia
4 St. Petersburg State Agrarian University, Peterburgskoe highway, 2, G. Pushkin, 196601 St. Petersburg, Russia
* Corresponding author: Alb9652@yandex.ru
The authors analyzed the biological effectiveness of the integrated plant protection system formed when the microbiological fungicide BisolbiSan, Zh was included in the classical protection scheme adopted in the farms of the Rostov region. The biological effectiveness of the integrated protection system, including the fungicide BisolbiSan, was analyzed, the impact of the studied protection system on the yield, the quality of the grain obtained, the phytosanitary condition of the crop during the growing season on winter wheat crops of the variety Nakhodka with the use of a plant protection system, including the fungicide BisolbiSan, Zh. The fungicide BisolbiSan, containing a culture of rhizospheric bacteria Bacillus subtilis strain H-13, suppresses the germination of spores and mycelium growth of phytopathogenic fungi due to the multilateral action of bacterial metabolites, without causing the formation of resistance in pathogens. It was found that the protection system used practically does not cause a decrease in grain quality — in terms of the average protein and gluten content, the grain at the experimental site even slightly exceeds the grain obtained from the control site by 16.88% and 27.8%. With the cost of winter wheat grain of 1100 rubles/kg, an increase in the yield in the experiment of 3.8 kg/ha in relation to control and the cost of an experimental protection system in the amount of 3,357 rubles/ha, revenue amounted to 823 rubles/ha.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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