BIO Web Conf.
Volume 43, 2022International Scientific and Practical Conference “VAVILOV READINGS-2021” (VVRD 2021) dedicated to the 101st anniversary of the discovery of the law of homological series and the 134th anniversary of the birth of N. I. Vavilov
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Basic Research in the Field of Plant and Microbial Studies|
|Published online||19 January 2022|
Biological Features and Forage Performance of Black Saxaul (Haloxylon Aphyllum (Minkw) Iljin) in the Central Asian Desert
Federal Williams Research Center of Forage Production & Agroecology, 1 Nauchnyi gorodok, Lobnya, Russia
* Corresponding author’s e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Haloxylon aphyllum (Minkw.) Iljin is a treelike shrub from the Chenopodiaceae family with a thick, gnarled, highly branched trunk with dark gray bark. It is propagated by seeds. The most typical conditions of natural habitat are valley-like depressions of ridges and hollows of hilly sands, valleys and channels of old rivers, often with more or less close groundwater occurrence, as well as takyrs and takyr-like serozem soils. Black saxaul has a powerfully developed, deeply penetrating root system that reaches the level of groundwater or moist soil layers. The eaten part of black saxaul in the autumn-winter period is annual shoots, last year’s twigs, fruits. It contains 10-12 % protein (in fruits up to 20 %), 2.2-2.7 % fat, 21.2-38.6 % ash substances, up to 39.3 % nitrogen-free extractive substances and up to 14.9 % fiber. At the age of five to six years, the plant height reaches 4-6 m, and the root system deepens by 14-16 m. Productive longevity is 35-45 years. It begins to vegetate in late March – early April with development of generative shoots. Flowering coincides with development of generative shoots. The flowering period lasts 10-20 days. Black saxaul, depending on the growing conditions, enters the fruiting phase in the 2-4th year of life. When creating pasture shelter strips, forage productivity on adjacent natural pastures at a distance of up to 100 m increases by 20-30 %. In the strip itself, the yield of small grasses increases 2-3 times. The total forage productivity of pastures improved by crops of black saxaul considering the yield of adjacent pastures, increases 2 times.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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