BIO Web Conf.
Volume 43, 2022International Scientific and Practical Conference “VAVILOV READINGS-2021” (VVRD 2021) dedicated to the 101st anniversary of the discovery of the law of homological series and the 134th anniversary of the birth of N. I. Vavilov
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Modern Agrobiotechnologies for Ensuring Sustainable Development of Agriculture|
|Published online||19 January 2022|
Gardening in Russia: organizational, regulatory and technological aspect
1 FSBSI Federal scientific center of agrarian economics and social development of rural areas – All-Russian Scientific-Research Institute of Economics of Agriculture, 123007, 35, Khoroshevskoe shosse, Moscow, Russian Federation
2 Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation, 119454, 76, Vernadsky av., Moscow, Russian Federation
3 FSBEI HE «Kuban State Agrarian University named after I.T.Trubilin», 350044, 13, Kalinina str., Krasnodar, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The subject-object area of the study is the relationship of producers of fruit and berry products in the Russian Federation, with the aim of transferring the industry to the path of sustainable economic growth. A comparative analysis of production of these products in the country for the period from 2016 to 2020 has been carried out. Importance of state support measures for development of the industry is shown. The directions of development of domestic nursery breeding on the basis of improving the regulatory framework are considered. Considering that the main area of fruit and berry crops (292 thousand hectares or 63 %) is in the households of the population, therefore, it is necessary to develop their selection and assortment not only for industrial gardening, but also for households and peasant (farm) households. The necessity of granting scientific organizations the priority right to lease agricultural land for use in the study purposes has been substantiated. Transfer of the industry to an intensive development path based on the modernization of production processes is offered. Based on the materials of technological maps of horticultural organizations of the Krasnodar Territory, a list of production costs by years and the terms of their payback when laying a superintensive garden are given, which can be successfully used in business projects of the South and North Caucasian Federal Districts.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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