BIO Web Conf.
Volume 83, 2024International Conference Scientific and Technological Development of the Agro-Industrial Complex for the Purposes of Sustainable Development (STDAIC-2023)
|Number of page(s)
|Agricultural Sciences and Engineering
|04 January 2024
Hemixerophilic forests in the caucasus
1 Kuban State University, Krasnodar, Russia
2 Southern Federal University, Rostov-on-Don, Russia
* Corresponding author: Litvinsky@yandex.ru
Hemixerophilic vegetation of the lower mountain belt belongs to the class Quercetea pubescenti-petraeae Jakucs (1960) 1961, order Orno-Cotinetalia Jakucs (1960) 1961. Hemixerophilic forests in the Caucasus are represented by two types: Oak hemixerophylic forests from Quercus pubescens Wiild. and forest from Carpinus orientalis Mill. The forests of Quercus pubescens are confined to the Sub-Mediterranean, where they are known under the name “shiblyak.” The northern boundary of the species spreads across Northern France, southern Belgium and Germany, where it grows in the forests of the Atlantic Europe on carbonate soils. Further, the border goes along the southern Carpathians (Romania) and Podillia to the Crimea and the Caucasus in the east. Fluffy forests are a link between evergreen Mediterranean forests and Central European deciduous deciduous forests. Quercus pubescens is a derivative of the tertiary flora that developed in the drier and warmer climate of low mountains in the Mediterranean region bordering on Central Europe..
Key words: Greater Caucasus / Crimean-Novorossiysk Botanical-Geographical Province / hemixerophilic vegetation / communities / Quercus pubescens
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2024
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