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Table 2.

List of important vine/grape diseases with microbial origin, and summary of the microbial groups with enological relevance.

Main vine/grape diseases Microbial groups with enological relevance
- Alternaria rot - Lactic acid bacteria
- Brenner Rot - Acetic acid bacteria
- Angular leaf spot - Conventional starters (Saccharomyces and Oenococcus)
- Anthracnose - non-Saccharomyces yeasts
- Armillaria root rot - Brettanomyces
- Grape rots (Aspergillus, Botrytis) - Fermentation problems
  • Refermentations (Zygosaccharomyces)

  • Fermentation stucks (Lactobacillus kunkeei)

- Bacterial blight
- Bitter rot
- Black foot disease
- Black rot
- Botryosphaeria dieback
- Crown gall tumors
- Dematophora root rot)
- Downy/powdery mildew
- Cladosporium leaf spot
- Esca / Petri disease

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