Open Access
BIO Web Conf.
Volume 14, 2019
The 12th International Conference on the Health Effects of Incorporated Radionuclides (HEIR 2018)
Article Number 05006
Number of page(s) 2
Section Biological Effects, Biochemistry, Molecular Biology: Oral presentations
Published online 07 May 2019

1 Background

Radiation analytics is the established method for detection of incorporated alpha-emitting radionuclides. It is laborious and time consuming. We wondered whether changes in gene expression measured in the human peripheral blood after radionuclide incorporation might serve as an easier approach for detection of incorporated radionuclides in a radiological or nuclear scenario.

2 Methods and Results

We received whole blood in PAXgene Blood RNA tubes from four patients suffering from multiple bone-metastatic, castration-resistant prostate cancer (without visceral or nodal involvement), who underwent treatment with the alpha emitting isotope radium-223 dichloride (Ra-223, Xofigo®). Patients received about 4 MBq per cycle and month and were treated for six months.

In a first step, we employed next generation sequencing (NGS) for a whole genome screening of the transcriptome (mRNAs) as well as the post-transcriptome including small RNAs (e.g. long non-coding RNAs, snoRNAs and miRNAs) in one patient at 8 different time points during 6 cycles of Ra-223-therapy. This allowed us to identify specific candidate RNAs which are associated with the increased dose cumulated over the treatment time.

In a second step, candidate mRNAs and small RNAs which appeared dose-dependently differentially up- or down-regulated (>2-fold, p<0.05) in the screening samples will be chosen for validation. This will be performed by using the remaining patient samples (n=3 patients, each with up to 4 points in time) and shifting to more sensitive and specific qRT-PCR platform at the same time.

3 Conclusion/Prospect

We will present and discuss the results on radiation-induced gene expression changes in whole blood which might serve as a simplified diagnostic tool for identification of incorporated radionuclides (Ra-223) in future.

© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019

Licence Creative Commons
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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