Open Access
Issue
BIO Web Conf.
Volume 18, 2020
IV All-Russian Plant Protection Congress with international participation “Phytosanitary Technologies in Ensuring Independence and Competitiveness of the Agricultural Sector of Russia”
Article Number 00006
Number of page(s) 4
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/bioconf/20201800006
Published online 06 March 2020

© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020

Licence Creative Commons
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys (Stål) is native for East Asia. It is nowadays distributed throughout the US, Canada, Europe as a severe invasive agricultural pest [1, 2]. BMSB is widely polyphagous, it feeds on over 170 host plants, many of them are of agricultural importance, such as fruit, vegetables, row crops, and ornamentals [3, 4]. Following its first detection in 2015, H. halys has been spread extensively and established in new areas of Black sea regions becoming a key pest of many crops in Western Georgia [5]. At present BMSB is highly active, forming outbreaks foci in agricultural and urban landscapes and making the phytosanitary situation quite alarming. Georgia is the third hazelnut-producing country worldwide after Turkey and Italy (FAOSTAT 2017). Nowadays, due to the lack of specific natural enemies, population density of this insect is not downregulated.

The aim of our study was to identify pathogens in populations of H. halys in Georgia and evaluate their potential for the pest control. During 2017-2019, adults of H.halys were collected from different regions and sites (Samegrelo, Guria, Imereti) of West Georgia. More than 350 insects were studied. In different H.halys populations, adults developed mycosis symptoms on the body were observed. Three isolates of entomopathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana sensu lato and one of Isaria cf fumosorosea were identified (Table 1; Figure 1). Adults infected by Beauveria bassiana and by Isaria cf fumosorosea 0.3% were observed at 0.9 and 0.3% prevalence rate, respectively.

Morphological characters were obtained for cultures grown on solid potato dextrose agar (PDA) at 23 ± 2° C in darkness for 14 days after inoculation [6-8], including measurements of conidiogenous cells and conidia acquired with a light microscope (Zuzi, S120; magnification of 400× and 1300×).

The fungi were identified using microscopic preparations made directly from mycelia developing on beetles in dead bark. After morphological analysis of monocultures, individual isolates of Beauveria bassiana sensu lato conidia dimensions were between (1.5) 2.0 – 3.0 (4.0) x (1.5) 2.0 – 2.5 (3.0) μm. In case of Isaria cf fumosorosea conidia dimensions were between (2.5) 3.0 – 4.0 (4.6) x (0.7) 1.0 – 2.0 (2.5) μm [9].

In 2019, a mycoinsecticide Bover-Ge (powder) was registered by National food agency of Georgia as a biopesticide. The bioformulation is based on a local Georgian strain of B. bassiana-024 from high mountain soil of Caucasus Range, supported by molecular identification in CABI-UK, gave a unique cultural number - IMI # 501797 and keep in CABI Genetic Recourse Collection. The product, tested at two concentrations (1x107 and 1x108 conidia/ml) against stink bug adults under laboratory conditions showed efficacy of 72.0-90.5% at 12 days post treatment (Figure 2).

Two entomopathogenic nematodes isolated from Georgian ecosystems Heterorhabditis bacteriophora (HRB, GEO)[10] and new species of entomopathogenic nematode, Steinernema borjomiense n. sp., was isolated from the body of the host insect, Oryctes nasicornis (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), in Georgia, in the territory of Borjomi-Kharagauli [11] were used to assay their effectiveness against adult H. halys. Under laboratory conditions (22°C and 80% RH), the nematodes were used in the following doses: 1:1000, 1:500, 1:200 infective juveniles (IJs)/ml. H. bacteriophora and S. borjomiensis at the concentrations of 1:1000, 1:500 and 1:200 induced mortality of 46,6% -33,3%, 33,3%-32% and 33,3%-13,3%, respectively at 9 days post treatment of adults H.halis (Figure 3).

These results demonstrate high efficiency of entomopathogenic fungi and low potential of the nematodes to control H. halys. Further trials are still needed to fully assess the efficacy of these entomopathogens and formulations under different environmental and field conditions. These studies are important both for Georgia and adjacent territories where the pest is also widespread [12].

The research has been supported by NFA-SRNSFG project # 18-350 “ Develop ecofriendly tools for control Brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) Halyomorpha halys in Georgia”.

Table 1.

Sites of collection adults of Halyomorpha halys

thumbnail Figure 1.

Isolation entomopathogenig fungi from different population of BMSB – H.halys: a- infected adults by Beauveria Bassiana; b – colony develop on the PDA media; c - infected adults by Isaria fumosorosea; d - colony develop on the PDA media.

thumbnail Figure 2.

Efficiency of Bover-Ge on the adult Halyomorpha halys under laboratory conditions

thumbnail Figure 3.

Mortality (%) of adults of H.halys due to infection with entomopathogenisc nematodes

References

All Tables

Table 1.

Sites of collection adults of Halyomorpha halys

All Figures

thumbnail Figure 1.

Isolation entomopathogenig fungi from different population of BMSB – H.halys: a- infected adults by Beauveria Bassiana; b – colony develop on the PDA media; c - infected adults by Isaria fumosorosea; d - colony develop on the PDA media.

In the text
thumbnail Figure 2.

Efficiency of Bover-Ge on the adult Halyomorpha halys under laboratory conditions

In the text
thumbnail Figure 3.

Mortality (%) of adults of H.halys due to infection with entomopathogenisc nematodes

In the text

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