Open Access

Table 1.

Composition and characteristics of the protein fat simulator

Indicator Value
Taste and aroma Pure, milky, with light nutty aroma
Appearance, consistency Thick, opaque, homogenous liquid
Color White
Mass fraction of dry solids, % 14.4–14.5
Mass fraction of protein, % 7.6–7.7
Mass fraction of fat, % 0.06–0.07
Mass fraction of lactose, % 4.5–4.6
Lactic acid, % 0.35–0.39
Mass fraction of calcium, mg % 127–133
Titratable acidity, ºT 21–22
Viscosity, mPa·c 12.5–13.2

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