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Table 1.

Influence of prebiotic fibers on strengthening human immunity.

Prebiotics Influence on strengthening the immune system
Cellulose Promotes the growth of bacteria of the genus Prevotella, producing short‐ chain fatty acids.
Inulin Promotes the growth and development of Bacillus coagulans, Bacillus subtilis, Faecalibacterium prausnitzii, Bacteroides fragilis, bifidobacteria, lactobacilli and bacteria that produce butyrate, acetate,propionate. Increases the barrier function of the intestinal mucosa.
Pectin Promotes the growth and development of Bifidobacterium odolescentis, Ruminococcus bromii, Eubacterium rectale.
Resistant starch Promotes the growth of bacteria of the genus Firmicutes and bifidobacteria. Reduces the content of potentially carcinogenic secondary bile acids. Helps reduce abdominal fat.
Kefiran Possesses powerful antitumor, immunomodulatory activity, inhibits the synthesis of allergens (histamine), lowers the level of bad cholesterol in the blood.
Beta glucans Promote the growth and development of bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, bacteroids. Reduces the risk of developing respiratory diseases.
Arabinogalactan Stimulates the growth and development of Coprococcus, Lachnoclostridium, Bifidobacterium

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