Open Access
Issue
BIO Web Conf.
Volume 97, 2024
Fifth International Scientific Conference of Alkafeel University (ISCKU 2024)
Article Number 00101
Number of page(s) 10
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/bioconf/20249700101
Published online 05 April 2024
  • K. Terzaghi, “General wedge theory of earth pressure,” Transactions, ASCE, vol. 106, pp. 68–97, 1941. [Google Scholar]
  • A.J. Al-Taie, “Earth pressure acting on the cantilever embedded retaining wall in multilayer soil,” in the 1st Basrah International Conference on Civil Engineering, B.I.CCE-01), Iraq, 2013. [Google Scholar]
  • Y. Lu, W. Sun, H. Yang, J. Jiang, L. Lu, “A new calculation method of force and displacement of retaining wall and slope,” Appl. Sci., vol. 13, pp. 5806, 2023, https://doi.org/10.3390/app13095806 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • A.J. Al-Taie, A.A. Mohammed, “A view plan sheet pile: design chart for cantilever retaining wall construction for active and passive earth pressure in Baghdad soil,” International Journal of Advances in Applied Sciences, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 95–103, 2014. [Google Scholar]
  • A. Kayabekir, Z. Arama, G. Bekdaş, I. Dalyan, “L-shaped reinforced concrete retaining wall design: cost and sizing optimization,” Challenge, J. of Structural Mechanics, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 140–149, 2020, https://doi.org/10.20528/cjsmec.2020.03.005 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • G.P. Tsinker, “Gravity-Type Quay Walls,”, in Handbook of Port and Harbor Engineering, Springer, Boston, MA, 1997. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • M. Ahmed, A. Al-Taie, “A systematic review of factors controlling the acceptability of earth-retaining structures selection,” AIP Conf. Proc. 2024 [Google Scholar]
  • C. Clayton, R. Woods, A. Bond; “Milititsky, Earth Pressure and Earth Retaining Structures,” Third Edition, Taylor & Francis Group, LLC, 2013. [Google Scholar]
  • J. Bowles, “Foundation Analysis and Design,” 5th edition Mc Graw-Hill Book Company Inc. New York, 1996. [Google Scholar]
  • A. Rouili, “Design of rigid L shaped retaining walls,” Int. J of Civil and Environmental Eng., vol. 7, no. 12, pp. 908–911, 2013. [Google Scholar]
  • B. Das, N. Sivakugan, “Principles of Foundation Engineering,” 9th edition, Cengage Learning, Inc. USA, 2019. [Google Scholar]
  • J. Briaud, “Geotechnical Engineering: Unsaturated and Saturated Soils,” Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2023. [Google Scholar]
  • T. Sasidhar, D. Neeraja, V. Sudhindra, “Application of genetic algoritm technique for optimizing design of reinforced concrete retaining wall,” International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 999–1007, 2017. [Google Scholar]
  • A. Bond, A. Harris, “Decoding Eurocode 7,” Taylor & Francis group, 2008. [Google Scholar]
  • N. Nam, N. Thao, “Effect of soil models on the deformation and pressures on cantilever retaining walls,” Geotechnics for Sustainable Development - Geotec Hanoi, Phung (edt). Construction Publisher, 2013. [Google Scholar]
  • H. Brooks, “Basics of Retaining Wall Design,” 8th edition, HB Publication Inc, 2010. [Google Scholar]
  • T. O’Neal, D. Hagerty, “Earth pressures in confined cohesionless backfill against tall rigid walls-a case history,” Can. Geotech. J., vol. 48, pp. 1188–1197, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1139/T11-033 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • W. Powrie, R. Chandler, “The influence of a stabilizing platform on the performance of an embedded retaining wall: a finite element study,” Geotechnique, vol. 48, pp. 403–409, 1998. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • M. Daly, W. Powrie, “A centrifuge and analytical study of stabilizing base retaining walls,” Transport Research Laboratory, T.R.L report 387, 1999. [Google Scholar]
  • J. Oliphant, “The outline design of earth retaining walls,” Ground Engineering Journal, 9, pp. 5358, 1997. [Google Scholar]
  • A. Kumar, A. Parihar, “Design and life cycle assessment of retaining wall with used foundry sand as backfill,” Geo-Congress, G.S.P, vol. 339, pp. 55–63, 2023. [Google Scholar]
  • Y. Huang, C. Huang, S. Chen, W. Lin, The world wide web and the databases for retaining wall design. Adv. Eng. Software 30(9) (1999) 799–808. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • A. Kaveh, A. Abadi, “Harmony search based algorithms for the optimum cost design of reinforced concrete cantilever retaining walls,” Int. J. Civil Eng. vol. 9, pp. 1–8, 2010 [Google Scholar]
  • C. Camp, A. Akin, “Design of retaining walls using big bang-big crunch optimization,” J. Struct. Eng., vol. 138, pp 438–448, 2012. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • A. Goh, “Behavior of cantilever retaining walls,” J. Geotech. Eng., 119, pp. 1751–1770, 1993. [Google Scholar]
  • H. Kamiloglu, E. Sadoglu, “A method for active seismic earth thrusts of granular backfill acting on cantilever retaining walls,” Soils and Foundations, vol. 59, pp. 419–432, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sandf.2018.12.003 [Google Scholar]
  • F. Chen, H. Chen, L. Xu, L. Lin, “Seismic pseudo-static active earth pressure of narrow granular backfill against an inverted T-type retaining wall under translational mode,” Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, vol. 152, pp. 107018, 2022. [Google Scholar]
  • V. Murthy, “Geotechnical Engineering: Principles and Practices of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering,” Marcel Dekker, Inc, New York, 2003. [Google Scholar]
  • W. Teng, “Foundation Design,” Prentice Hall, London, 1962. [Google Scholar]
  • A. Barghouthi, “Active earth pressure on walls with base projection,” J. Geotech. Eng., vol. 116, pp. 1570–1575, 1990. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • V. Greco, “Active earth thrust on cantilever walls with short heel,” Can. Geotech. J., vol. 38, pp. 401–409, 2001. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • V. Greco, “Analytical active earth thrust on cantilever walls with short heel,” Can. Geotech. J., vol. 45, pp. 1649–1658, 2008. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • A. Santolo, A. Evangelista, “Dynamic active earth pressure on cantilever retaining walls,” Computers and Geotechnics, vol. 38, pp. 1041–1051, 2011, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compgeo.2011.07.015 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • A. Al-Taie, M. Ahmed, “Reviewing critical factors controlling the modeling and design of earth retaining structures,” in the 18th International Middle Eastern Simulation and Modelling Conference 2023, MESM 2023, 2023. [Google Scholar]
  • H. Kamiloglu, E. Sadoglu, “Active earth thrust theory for horizontal granular backfill on a cantilever wall with a short heel,” Int. J. Geomech., vol. 17, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)GM.1943-5622.0000886 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • H. Kamiloglu, E. Sadoglu, “Experimental examination of active and passive wedge in backfill soil of model cantilever retaining walls,” Int. J. Struct. Anal. Des., pp. 96–100, 2014. [Google Scholar]
  • H. Kamiloglu, E. Sadoglu, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of short-and long-heel cases of cantilever retaining walls in active state,” Int. J. Geomech., vol. 19, pp. 04019023, 2019, https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)GM.1943-5622.0001389 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • A.J. Al-Taie, M.D. Ahmed, “A Critical review of soil models and factors affecting earth retaining structures design,” Jurnal Kejuruteraan (Journal of Engineering), vol. 36, no. 3, 2024. [Google Scholar]
  • A.J. Al-Taie, Y. Al-Shakarchi, A. Mohammed, “Investigation of geotechnical specifications of sand dune soil: a case study around Baiji in Iraq,” IIUM Engineering Journal, vol. 14, no. 2. Pp. 121–132, 2013. [Google Scholar]
  • A.J. Al-Taie, Y. Al-Shakarchi, “Shear strength, collapsibility and compressibility characteristics of compacted Baiji dune soils,” Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 767–779, 2017. [Google Scholar]
  • A.J. Al-Taie, A. Al-Obaidi, M. Alzuhairi, “Utilization of depolymerized recycled polyethylene terephthalate in improving poorly graded soil,” Transp Infrastruct Geotech, vol. 7, pp. 206–223, 2020. [Google Scholar]
  • M. Elman, C. Terry, “Retaining walls with sloped base,” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 113, pp. 1048–1054, 1987. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • M. Elman, C. Terry, “Retaining walls with sloped heel,” Journal of Geotechnical Engineering, vol. 114, pp. 1194–1199, 1988. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • R. Holtz, W. Kovacs, T. Sheahan, “An Introduction to Geotechnical Engineering,” 3rd Edition, Pearson Education, Inc, Hoboken, 2023. [Google Scholar]
  • Y. Djerbib, C. Hird, M. Touahmia, “Centrifugal model tests of uniform surcharge loading on L-shaped retaining walls,” 15th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, Istanbul, pp. 1137–1140, 2001. [Google Scholar]
  • G. Gazetas, P. Psarropoulos, I. Anastasopoulos, N. Gerolymos, “Seismic behaviour of flexible retaining systems subjected to short-duration moderately strong excitation,” Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, vol. 24, pp. 537–550, 2004. [Google Scholar]
  • H. Gao, Y. Hu, Z. Wang, C. Wang, G. Chen, “Shaking table tests on the seismic performance of a flexible wall retaining EPS composite soil,” Bull Earthquake Eng., vol. 15, pp. 5481–5510, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10518-017-0189-4 [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • BS 8002, Code of Practice for Earth Retaining Structures, 1994. [Google Scholar]
  • IS 1893-1, Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of structures. (Part 3) bridges and retaining walls. India, 2002. [Google Scholar]
  • EN 1998-5. - Eurocode 8: Design of Structures for Earthquake Resistance - Part 5: Foundations, retaining Structures and Geotechnical Aspects, Eurocode 8, 2004. [Google Scholar]
  • D. Anderson, G. Martin, I. Lam, J. Wang, “Seismic Analysis and Design of Retaining Walls, Buried Structures, Slopes, and Embankments,' NCHRP, 2008. [Google Scholar]
  • J. Bray, T. Travasarou, J. Zupan, “Seismic displacement design of earth retaining structures,” in Earth Retention Conference, pp. 638–655, 2010. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  • P. Jadhav, A. Prashant, “Double wedge model for computing seismic sliding displacements of cantilever retaining walls,' Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, vol. 116, pp. 570–579, 2019. [Google Scholar]
  • FHWA: Federal Highway Administration, Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering, Pub. No. FHWA HI-99-012, De, 1998. [Google Scholar]
  • AASHTO: American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, AASHTO LRFD Bridge Design Specifications, U.S. Units. 4th E, 2007. [Google Scholar]
  • S. Okamoto, “Introduction to Earthquake Engineering,” 2nd Ed., Wiley, NY, 1984. [Google Scholar]
  • S. Jo, J. Ha, J. Lee, D. Kim, “Seismic earth pressures on inverted T-shape retaining structures via dynamic centrifuge testing; 2014. [Google Scholar]
  • R. Geraili Mikola, G. Candia, N. Sitar, “Seismic earth pressures on retaining structures and basement walls in cohesionless soils,” J Geotech Geoenviron Eng., vol. 142, pp. 04016047, 2014. [Google Scholar]
  • R. Whitman, S. Liao, “Seismic Design of Gravity Retaining Walls, US Army Engr,” Waterways Experiment Sta., Misc. Paper, G.L.-85-1, 1985 [Google Scholar]
  • L. Al Atik, N. Sitar, “Seismic earth pressures on cantilever retaining structures,” J. of Geotechnical & Geoenvironmental Engineering, vol. 136, 2010, https://doi.org:10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000351 [Google Scholar]
  • M. Garavand, H. Bahareh, “Failures of retaining wall structures due to earthquake,” in 7th International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering, Chicago, 2013. [Google Scholar]
  • M. Badr, “Numerical study for improve performance of retaining structures under earthquake loadings in sandy soils” MSc Thesis, Al-Nahrain University, Iraq, 2023 [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.