BIO Web of Conferences
Volume 5, 201538th World Congress of Vine and Wine (Part 1)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||01 July 2015|
Determination of mycotoxin profiles characteristic of Alternaria strains isolated from Malbec grapes
1 PROPLAME, Department of Organic Chemistry, FCEN, Buenos Aires University, Argentina
2 CLEIBA, Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry, National University of San Marcos, Peru
The world grape production has increased, reaching 751 million quintals (Mql) in 2013. Many Alternaria species have been studied for their ability to produce secondary metabolites in foods, some of which have toxic properties with tenu- azonic acid (TA), alternariol (AOH), alternariol methyl ether (AME) being the most important ones. The aim was to determine the characteristic mycotoxin production profiles of Alternaria strains isolated from Malbec grapes in the Patagonian region of Argentina. Fifty Alternaria isolates (5 A. alternata, 5 A. arborescens and 40 A. tenuissima) were analyzed for the produc- tion of mycotoxins (TA, AOH and AME) in autoclaved rice media by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). All isolates were found to be producers of mycotoxins; the 100% was producer of TA (0.016–21.031 mg/kg), 98% produced AOH (0.003–0.057 mg/kg) and 36% produced AME (0.001–0.133 mg/kg). Thirty-three isolates co-produced the three mycotoxins. In this study, it was demonstrated a high toxigenic potential of Alternaria isolates. Although Alternaria growth on grapes has been amply demonstrated, there are few studies about the incidence their more characteristic mycotoxin sand their toxicogenic capac- ity determination in grapes, wines and derivatives. In addition, mycotoxins studied in this work are not regulated in oenology. Therefore, further studies should be conducted to assess the health risk due to the presence of Alternaria toxins in grapes, wine, grape juice and raisins.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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