BIO Web of Conferences
Volume 7, 201639th World Congress of Vine and Wine
|Number of page(s)||3|
|Published online||26 October 2016|
Determination and elimination of rotten grape aroma by filter layers with selective adsorbers
Höhere Bundeslehranstalt und Bundesamt für Wein- und Obstbau, Wiener Straße 74, 3400 Klosterneuburg, Österreich
The most important mould associated substances like geosmine, 2-methylisoborneol, 1-octen-3-ol in wines of different grape varieties from Austria and also from other foreign countries were analysed by a HS-SPME GC-MS method. These substances were also determined in healthy and rotten grapes. All together, 391 wine-samples and 69 grape samples were examined.
The study of rotten and healthy grapes found out a level of geosmin up to 20 ng/L, 1-octene-3-ol concentration up to 700 μg/L and 2-heptanol level up to 9 μg/L. The geosmin concentration of the 391 analyzed wines extended from 1-44 ng/L. The detected level of 1-octene-3-ol ranged from 1 μg/L to 23 μg/L. The determined concentration of 2-heptanol ranged from 1 μg/L up to 38 μg/L. The test with the filter layer Fibrafix TX-R was performed with nine layers á 20 × 20 cm (3.6 m2) and a quantity of 625 liters wine. The filtering achieved a significant reduction of the start concentration of 60 ng/L geosmin down to only 6 ng/L (average value of 600l).
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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