BIO Web Conf.
Volume 12, 201941st World Congress of Vine and Wine
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||19 February 2019|
High power ultrasounds: A powerful, non-thermal and green technique for improving the phenolic extraction from grapes to must during red wine vinification
1 Departamento de Tecnología de Alimentos, Nutrición y Bromatología, Universidad de Murcia, 30100 Murcia, Spain
2 AGROVIN S.A. Alcazar de San Juan, Ciudad Real, España
Wine color is one of the main organoleptic characteristics influencing its quality. It is of especial interest in red vinifications due to the economic resources that wineries have to invest for the extraction of the phenolic compounds. To increase this extraction, some chemical (maceration enzymes) or physical technologies (thermovinification, criomaceration, flash-expansion) can be applied. In this work, the results of the application of high power ultrasounds to the crushed grapes to increase the extraction of phenolic compounds are presented. Crushed grapes (400 kg) from the 2017 harvest were treated with ultrasound, and three different lengths of skin maceration period (2, 3 or 7 days) and the results were compared with a control vinification, where grapes were not subjected to any treatment and were skin macerated during 7 days. The wine chromatic characteristics and the individual phenolic compounds were followed during all the maceration period, at the end of alcoholic fermentation and after bottle storage. The wines made with ultrasound treated grapes presented differences with control wine, especially as regard color and total phenol and tannin content, the wines with three days of maceration time presenting similar chromatic characteristics than control wines with 7 days of maceration time.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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