BIO Web Conf.
Volume 12, 201941st World Congress of Vine and Wine
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||19 February 2019|
Oenological attributes of the yeast Hanseniaspora vineaeand its application for white and red winemaking
1 Universidad de la República, Facultad de Quimica, Área Enología y Biotecnología de Fermentaciones, Montevideo, Uruguay
2 Biochemistry and Biotechnology Department, Faculty of Oneology, University Rovira i Virgili, Tarragona, Spain
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Flavour and some compounds associated with wine colour are known to be yeast strain-dependent. These metabolites are important for the sensory quality of wines, studies searching for increase aroma and color are a key area today in winemaking. The aim of this work was to study the oenological potential of the two main strains of Hanseniaspora vineae,native to Uruguay to better understand their successful application at winery level. It is known that these strains contribute with extracellular proteases and β-glucosidase enzyme activities that might increase cell lysis and flavor depending in grape varieties. Application and nutrient management of the process of these strains in production of white wines (Chardonnay, Macabeo and Petit Manseng) and red wine Tannat are discussed. Wines were evaluated to determine the volatile compounds composition and their effect compared to conventional processes. Low production of short and medium chain fatty acids and ethyl esters, and high production of acetate esters and isoprenoids are found compared to S. cerevisiaestrains. The most outstanding characteristic of the species H. vineaewas the production of benzenoids, phenylpropanoids and acetate esters. This behavior was reflected in the sensory evaluation, where all the fermentations performed with H. vineaewere considered superior compared to Saccharomyces cerevisiaewine strains.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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