BIO Web Conf.
Volume 12, 201941st World Congress of Vine and Wine
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||19 February 2019|
Barrel-to-barrel variation of phenolic and mineral composition of red wine
1 LEAF, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-017 Lisboa, Portugal
2 Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária, 2565-191 Dois Portos, Portugal
3 CEFEMA, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1, 1049-001 Lisboa, Portugal
a Master student from Chimie ParisTech, PSL Research University, 11 rue Pierre et Marie Curie, 75005 Paris, France
b Corresponding author: Sofia Catarino, LEAF, Instituto Superior de Agronomia, Universidade de Lisboa, Tapada da Ajuda, 1349-017 Lisboa, Portugal e-mail: email@example.com
The aim of the present work was to evaluate the effect of barrel-to-barrel variability on chemical characteristics of red wine. An experimental trial was carried out involving two red wines from the Portuguese DO Dão and independent replicates of French oak barrels (Quercus sessiliflora Salisb.) from three different cooperages. After six months of aging, comprehensive chemical characterization of the wines took place: general physical-chemical analysis by FTIR, phenolic composition and chromatic characteristics, major mineral elements (K, Mg, Ca, Na, and Fe) by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS), minor and trace elements (Li, Be, Ti, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ga, As, Rb, Sr, Y, Zr, Nb, Mo, Cd, Sn, Sb, Cs, Ba, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu, W, Tl, Pb, and U) by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). In respect to barrel effect, significant differences between replicates were observed for phenolic composition, especially polymerized pigments, flavonoids and color intensity. Regarding major, minor and trace elements, no significant differences were observed between barrel replicates with exception of iron and copper.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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