BIO Web Conf.
Volume 15, 201942nd World Congress of Vine and Wine
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Published online||23 October 2019|
Response of (Vitis vinifera L.) cv. Fantasy Seedless to water deficit treatments: Phenolic compounds and physiological activities
1 Manisa Viticultural Research Institute, Yunusemre, Manisa, Turkey
2 Ege University, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Horticulture, Izmir, Turkey
This paper describes an investigation on the effects of deficit irrigation treatments on phenolic compounds and physiological activities of Fantasy Seedless table grape variety. Research was conducted in Viticultural Research Institute of Manisa, located in Aegean Region of Turkey, during two consecutive years (2016–2017). Three irrigation treatments were assayed; namely full irrigation (T-F), deficit irrigations (T-35 and T-65). In T-F, soil water deficit in the 90 cm within the one week intervals was completed to the field capacity. T-35 and T-65 treatments received 35% and 65% of water applied to T-F. Sub-surface drip irrigation system was used in the research and soil water content was measured by MobiCheck probe while vine water status was monitored through midday leaf water potential before the irrigations. Results showed that water deficit treatments (T-35 and T-65) affected berry composition particularly individual phenolics [Gallic acid, (+)(−) Catechine, (−)-Epigallocatechin gallate, (−)-Epicatechin gallate, Caftaric acid, Chlorogenic acid, Caffeic acid, p-Coumeric acid, Ferulic acid, Sinapic acid, Trans-Resveratrol, Myricetin, Quercetin hydrate, Kaempferol, Oenin Chloride, Delphinidin Chloride, Cyanidin Chloride, Malvidin Chloride] differently. The highest Catechine content in the samples was obtained from T-65, T-35 and T-F treatments, respectively. Furthermore it was determined that DI treatments did not change the Myricetin and Quercetin hydrate contents in 2017. On the other hand minimum Ψmd value was observed from the T-35 treatment in both years. Last of all, our findings show a strong relationship between the amount of water and berry composition values especially individual phenolics which are benefical to health.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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