BIO Web Conf.
Volume 17, 2020International Scientific-Practical Conference “Agriculture and Food Security: Technology, Innovation, Markets, Human Resources” (FIES 2019)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Published online||28 February 2020|
Characteristics of dairy productivity of Holstein heifers depending on their genetic potential
Kazan State Academy of Veterinary Medicine named after N.E. Bauman, Kazan 420029, Russia
2 Tatar Scientific and Research Institute of Agriculture – Subdivision of the Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science “ Kazan Scientific Center of Russia Academy of Sciences, Kazan 420059, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The study presents the results obtained in DNA testing of allelic polymorphism by PCR-RFLP based methods for the leptin and stearoyl-coenzyme A desaturase genes and the interaction of their complex genotypes on the milk productivity indicators of Holstein heifers of Tatarstan population. The study was carried out among 471 Holstein cow-heifers by Integrated Agricultural Production Centre “Stud farm named after Lenin” of Atninsky district of the Republic of Tatarstan in 2016–2018. All complex LEP/SCD1 genotypes were identified through the study. The maximum frequency was observed in the combination of heterozygous genotypes LEPTCSCD1TC 149 animals (31.5 %). Milk productivity test, based on the complex genotypes LEP and SCD1, showed that a significantly high level of productivity for 305 days of lactation was 7314.4 kg, and in heifers with a complex genotype LEPTTSCD1CC was minimal (6337.4 kg) in comparison with indicators of milk yield of heifers with other complex genotypes. According to the content of the mass fraction of fat, reliably the best indicators were established in a subpopulation of animals with a complex TT/TC genotype 3.87 %. The content of the mass fraction of protein was maximal for animals with a complex CC/CC genotype.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
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