BIO Web Conf.
Volume 20, 20201st International Conference on Tropical Wetland Biodiversity and Conservation (ICWEB 2019)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Wetland Plant and Microbes Biodiversity|
|Published online||01 June 2020|
The Use of Fungal Endophyte Penicillium citrinum on Tree Seedling: Applicability and Limitation
Banjarbaru Environment and Forestry Research Development Institute, Banjarbaru, 70721. Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Penicillium citrinum is an endophyte fungus isolated from plant tissues that live in tropical peatland. Various study reveals that endophytic fungi give advantages to plant health. Since 2015, series of experiments were conducted to investigate the capability of P. citrinum P3.10 as biofertilizer of plant tree in nursery stage which are: pathogenicity test, in vitro assay, direct application to seeds, dosage test, and fertilizer formulation. This paper presents a review from our research of P. citrinum isolate P3.10 from the isolation stage to the biofertilizer product formulation. Resear ch results showed that the application of endophytic fungi to seedlings gave positive responses. However, during the research process there were also obstacles in the application of endophytic fungi to plants, which are: (a) difficulties in application due to the varied response, (b) formulation, (c) storage, (d) isolate viability, and (d) fungal isolate maintenance. Risk management was needed during biofertilizer production. Hence, the utilization of biofertilizer made from endophyte fungi is applicable and can be used not only on an experimental scale but also on a larger scale.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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