BIO Web Conf.
Volume 30, 2021II International Symposium “Innovations in Life Sciences” (ILS 2020)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Biosafety as the Basis of Pharmaceutical Production and Veterinary Medicine|
|Published online||22 April 2021|
Bovhyaluronidaze azoximer as an antimicrobial alternative in companion animals
Saint-Petersburg State University of Veterinary Medicine, Saint Petersburg, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Antimicrobial resistance formation in various bacteria is a serious biosafety threat. In this regard, the important issue in medical and veterinary fields is not only the rational use of antibacterial drugs, but also the search for ways to significantly reduce the need for antibiotics. Three studies designed to research into these challenges are described. The results indicated that (1) the bacteriuria presences in 62.4 +/-4.1% of urine samples obtained from companion animals (the microflora count in urine samples is estimated from ’++’ to ’Entire Field-of-View’); (2) 16.3 +/-4.0% of samples from companion animals showed bacteria with low antibiotics sensitivity, and 8.1 +/-3.0% of samples contained bacteria resistant to 30 antibiotics included in the susceptibility test; (3) the Bovhyaluronidaze azoximer reduce antimicrobial therapy duration statistically significant (p=0.0089). The studies were conducted at the facilities of St. Petersburg State University of Veterinary Medicine and Bars veterinary clinic chain in St. Petersburg, Russia. A randomized clinical trial of Bovhyaluronidaze azoximer effect on course of disease and treatment duration of acute and chronic prostatitis and urocystitis, including complicated by urolithiasis, was conducted in 54 dogs. Animals were randomly assigned to intervention (n=34) and control (n=20) groups. Animals of both groups received the antimicrobial therapy. Interventional group patients additionally received Bovhyaluronidaze azoximer in the form of rectal suppositories. The antimicrobial therapy mean duration in intervention group animals took 14.88 +/-4.98 days, in control group animals — 18.65 +/-5.40 days. The study findings imply that bacteriuria is widely prevalent in companion animals and antimicrobial resistance is increasing issue in veterinary medicine. Bovhyaluronidaze azoximer contributes to microcirculation restore and increases the bioavailability of antibacterial drugs at the site of infection. This makes its relevant for use in the complex treatment for septic and inflammatory processes. This allows to reduce the antimicrobial course duration (and completely decline antibiotic therapy in some cases) and prevent the formation of chronic inflammation and infection sites.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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