BIO Web Conf.
Volume 33, 2021The 1st International Conference of Advanced Veterinary Science and Technologies for Sustainable Development (ICAVESS 2021)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Veterinary Medicine and Science|
|Published online||23 August 2021|
Isolation, identification, and antimicrobial sensitivity test of bacteria isolated from the rectal swab of african pygmy hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris) and sunda porcupine (Hystrix javanica)
Student in Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
2 Department Biology, Faculty of Biotechnology, Universitas Kristen Duta Wacana, Indonesia
3 Department of Reproduction, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
4 Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
5 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Vet erinary Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Atelerix albiventris and Hystrix javanica were widely known as pets or livestock in Indonesia, but there has been no study about bacteria from the rectal swab before. This study aims to isolate, identify, and analyze the antibiotic sensitivity of the isolated bacteria from the rectal swab of Atelerix albiventris and Hystrix javanica. Rectal swab samples were cultured on blood agar plate and identified by selective media and biochemical tests. Kirby Bauer’s disk diffusion method was used for the antimicrobial sensitivity test. The result shows that the bacteria identified from the rectal swab samples of Atelerix albiventris are Escherichia coli (75%) and Proteus mirabilis (25%), meanwhile the bacteria identified from Hystrix javanica are Escherichia coli (100%). The identified Escherichia coli found from the sample is sensitive to Amikacin, Amoxycillin, Ampicillin, Enrofloxacin, Fosfomycin, Kanamycin, Chloramphenicol, Streptomycin, Tetracycline, and Trimethoprim; and resistant to Erythromycin and Penicillin G. The identified Proteus mirabilis is sensitive to Amikacin, Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Kanamycin, and Trimethoprim; intermediate to Enrofloxacin; and resistant to Erythromycin, Fosfomycin, Chloramphenicol, Penicillin G, Streptomycin, and Tetracycline. This research concludes that the bacteria found from the rectal swab of Atelerix albiventris and Hystrix javanica are bacteria with similar species and characters.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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