BIO Web Conf.
Volume 33, 2021The 1st International Conference of Advanced Veterinary Science and Technologies for Sustainable Development (ICAVESS 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Zoonosis, Emerging Disease, and Transboundary Animal Disease|
|Published online||23 August 2021|
African Swine Fever (ASF): Threat of Excintion to Nias Local Pig Farm
North Maluku Assesment Institute for Agricultural Techology, Ministry of Agriculture, Indonesia
2 Department Nutrition and Animal Feed Technology, Faculty of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Muhammadiyah Kotabumi University
3 Department of Animal Production Science and Tecnhology, Faculty of Animal Science, IPB University
4 North Sulawesi Assesment Institute for Agricultural Techology, Ministry of Agriculture, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
African Swine Fever (ASF) is a disease that infects pigs. Common symptoms caused by ASF attacks on pigs are bleeding in the feces and ears as well as sudden weakness of livestock, unable to stand, and death of livestock. ASF virus is not zoonotic so it does not affect human health. This virus has entered Indonesian territory, including the Nias Island, where most of the people cultivate local pigs. The ASF outbreak on local pigs in Nias resulted in the death of many pigs. This paper discusses the spread and death of local pigs due to ASF attacks in Nias. Data compiled from the field and the Animal Husbandry Office in 2020 in the Nias islands, it is known that the pigs that died due to the ASF outbreak reached 120,592 a pigs. Meanwhile, the fact found are that the handling of infected pigs cannot be done optimally, because until now, effective treatment and vaccination for the treatment and prevention of ASF infection has not been found. Therefore, in order to prevent the spread of the plague from becoming more widespread, the current methods that can be applied are the application of biosecurity in the cattle sheds, isolation of infected livestock and the role of the government in regulating the entry and exit route for pigs in the Nias region.
Key words: ASF virus / Infection / Local pig / Nias island
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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