BIO Web Conf.
Volume 34, 2021International Scientific Conference “Biologization of the Intensification Processes in Horticulture and Viticulture” (BIOLOGIZATION 2021)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Biologized Technologies of Plant Protection for Optimization of the Phytosanitary and Production Potential of Perennial Agrocenoses|
|Published online||10 September 2021|
Micromycetes antagonistic potential in vitro against Alternaria sp., a pathogenic strain associated with grapes
1 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution «North Caucasian Federal Scientific Center of Horticulture, Viticulture, Wine-making», str. 40 Let Pobedy, 39, Krasnodar, 350901, Russia
2 Federal State Budgetary Scientific Institution «Federal scientific center «V.S. Pustovoit All-Russian Research Institute of Oil crops», str. Filatova, 17, Krasnodar, 350038, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Fungi from the genus Alternaria Nees are new harmful grapes mycopathogens; they are a part of the necrotic leaf spot pathocomplex. The disease intensive development leads to more than 50% necrotisation of the leaf surface, leaving no leaf on the plant by the end of the growing season. An alternative to chemical protection against the disease is the use of biocontrol agents. For this purpose, the screening of fungal antagonist strains from the collection of the laboratory of the biological method of the Federal scientific center «V.S. Pustovoit All-Russian Research Institute of Oil crops» (FSBSI «FSC «ARRIOC») was carried out in relation to the causative agent of necrotic leaf spot of grapes Alternaria sp. by the dual cultures method on two nutrient media – potato-sucrose agar and Rudakov’s agar. Of the 27 fungal strains that were screened for the antagonistic activity to 425-3 Alternaria sp. 17 strains showed the activity. Of these, 12 strains competed for feeding area and exhibited hyperparasitism. Strains A-1 and I-3 Basidiomycota, Tr-1 Trichothecium sp. and all strains of Trichoderma sp. showed the greatest antagonistic activity on both media.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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