BIO Web Conf.
Volume 34, 2021International Scientific Conference “Biologization of the Intensification Processes in Horticulture and Viticulture” (BIOLOGIZATION 2021)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Biotechnologies of Storage and Processing of Agricultural Products, Quality Management and Food Safety|
|Published online||10 September 2021|
Grape pomace as a promising source of biologically valuable components
Federal State Budget Scientific Institution «North Caucasian Federal Scientific Center of Horticulture, Viticulture, Wine-making», 39 str. 40 Let Pobedy, Krasnodar, 350901, Russia
* Corresponding author: Anastasia.email@example.com
Experimental data on the content of biologically valuable components in grape pomace are presented. The presence of organic acids was revealed in an amount from 33.35 g/kg (Saperavi) to 108.2 g/kg (Rebo). The main acid is tartaric. Phenolic compounds have been identified: anthocyanins, flavones, flavan-3-ols, oxycinnamic and hydroxybenzoic acids, procyanidins. The main anthocyanins found in grape pomace are the 3-O-glycosides of malvidin, petunidin, cyanidin, peonidin and delphinidin. The highest total content of hydroxybenzoic acids was in the pomace of Pinot Noir grapes – 720 mg/kg, further in descending order of concentration followed by pomace from Saperavi grapes (708 mg/kg), Cabernet Sauvignon (681 mg/kg), Merlot (575 mg/kg) and Rebo (545 mg/kg). The highest total content of vitamins was found in the pomace of Rebo grapes – 639 mg/kg, the lowest – Merlot (471 mg/kg). In all samples, vitamin B1 prevails, then in decreasing order – ascorbic acid, vitamins B2, B3, B5, B7. Moreover, their concentrations vary significantly depending on the grape variety from which the pomace is obtained. The influence of the grape variety on the content of these biologically valuable components in the pomace has been established, which must be taken into account in the production of biologically active substances that increase the nutritional status of a person.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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