BIO Web Conf.
Volume 36, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Fundamental Scientific Research and Their Applied Aspects in Biotechnology and Agriculture” (FSRAABA 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Topical Issues of Veterinary and Animal Science, Biotechnology of Production and Processing of Agricultural Products|
|Published online||01 October 2021|
The effect of different suckling feeding modes on the growth and development of calves in postnatal ontogenesis
1 Ufa Federal Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Bashkir Research Institute of Agriculture, Ufa, Russia
2 Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education Bashkir State Pedagogical University named after M. Akmulla, Ufa, Russia
3 Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education Bashkir State Agrarian University, Ufa, Russia
4 Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education Orenburg State Agrarian University, Ufa, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
One of the key areas of development of the cattle breeding industry in Russia is the creation of effective technological methods. They allow to carry out the improvement and establishment of new resource-saving systems for breeding young animals at an accelerated pace. It is essential to meet the modern requirements of meat production as an ecologically safe product. The aim of the research was to enhance the fattening qualities of Hereford bull calves while using mode-setting suckling of various ratios as an element of resource saving. The study was performed on "SAVA-Agro-Yapryk" OOO of the Tuymazinsky district of the Republic of Bashkortostan. The determination of the efficiency of the use of free and mode-setting suckling of various ratios made it possible to identify an effective method of raising young meat cattle. A three-fold mode suckling is used with separate keeping of young animals and mother cows. This makes it possible to keep the optimal microclimate parameters in the calf house, contributes to the rapid early adaptation of calves to the consumption of coarse feed and concentrates. It has a positive effect on the growth and development of calves and their meat productivity at the age of 18 months according to the parameters of removable fat mass, carcass mass and interior fat mass. All this promotes an increase in the sale of beef and an improvement in the level of production profitability to 13.93%.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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