BIO Web Conf.
Volume 39, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Modern Trends in Science, Innovative Technologies in Vineyards and Wine Making” (MTSITVW2021)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||Natural Resources and Ecology|
|Published online||26 November 2021|
Spatial distribution of Crimean agroecological resources as a factor of variability of the main and secondary metabolites of grapes
All-Russian National Research Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking “Magarach” RAS 31 Kirovа Str., 298600 Yalta, Republic of Crimea, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The work is aimed at identifying the relationship between agroecological conditions and the formation of carbohydrate-acid and phenolic grape complexes. The agro-climatic parameters of 14 cv. ‘Cabernet Sauvignon’ industrial vineyards located in five wine-growing regions of Crimea have been determined using the methods of geoinformation and mathematical modeling. According to the similarity of 9 agro-climatic characteristics, the vineyards are united into 6 clusters, significantly different from each other. The dispersion of the main and secondary metabolites of grapes, as well as technological indicators based on them in the harvest from the selected clusters, has been established. According to the combined mass concentration of anthocyanins in berries, potential amount of extractable anthocyanins, anthocyanin extractability, monophenolmonooxygenase activity, glucoacidimetric index and grape ripeness index the selected vineyard clusters are discriminated with Wilks L. = 0.09 at α<0.00001. Sugar content, active acidity index, glucoacidimetric index, and grape ripeness index were found to correlate inversely with the amount of precipitation during the growing season; anthocyanin extractability correlates directly with the Huglin and Winkler indices; monophenolmonooxygenase activity with the sum of active temperatures above 10 °C, Huglin index, total precipitation per year and growing season.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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