BIO Web Conf.
Volume 39, 2021International Scientific and Practical Conference “Modern Trends in Science, Innovative Technologies in Vineyards and Wine Making” (MTSITVW2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Storage, Processing and Product Quality Management|
|Published online||26 November 2021|
Endophytic microorganisms of apple fruit (Malus domestica)
1 Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy, 49 Timiryazevskaya str., Moscow, 127550, Russia
2 All-Russian Plant Quarantine Center, 32 Pogranichnaya, Bykovo village, the city of Ramenskoye, Moscow region, 140150, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The plant-associated microorganisms are of key importance in ensuring the quality and safety of plant products. This paper focuses on the study and composition of endophytic microorganisms inautumn apple varieties from domestic selection intended for long-term storage: Bessemyanka Barantseva, Orlovsky Pioner, Alesya and Verbnoe.It was discovered that the internal tissues of fruits are richly populated with microorganisms, the number of which depends on the plant variety and the stage of fruit development. The dominant group is yeast (up to 107 CFU/g). The most common speciesis Hanseniaspora uvarum (26,0%). The number of bacteria averages 102-104 CFU/g, the dominant species–Lactobacillus sp. (52,0%) and Pantoea agglomerans(34,2%). The soft tissue of the fruits of all studied apple varieties contains mycelial fungi, the number of which, as a rule, does not exceed 102 CFU/g. The dominant species is Cladosporium aggregatocicatricatum (33,3%). The microorganisms - producers of biologically active compounds, promising for agrobiotechnologies, have been identified.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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