BIO Web Conf.
Volume 41, 2021The 4th International Conference on Bioinformatics, Biotechnology, and Biomedical Engineering (BioMIC 2021)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Biomedical Sciences and Engineering|
|Published online||22 December 2021|
Influence of nickel-titanium rotary systems with varying cross-sectional, pitch, and rotational speed on deflection and cyclic fatigue: a finite element analysis study
Doctoral Program, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
2 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
3 Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
4 Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
5 Department of Biomaterial, Faculty of Dentistry, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The effectiveness of endodontic file preparation depends, among others, on the material, geometric shape, and the drive system. This study aimed to analyze the effect of cross-sectional, pitch, and rotational speed on cyclic fatigue and deflection of NiTi files using finite element analyses. A total of 18 NiTi endodontic rotary instruments ProTaper Gold F2 #25.08 and Hyflex CM #25.04 (n=9) modeling were designed using Autodesk software. Subjects were divided into two groups, the design group of square and convex triangles. Static simulation was then carried out to each group with force on the instrument’s tip by 1N, 2N, and 3N. The file’s cycling fatigue was analyzed at rotating speeds of 200 rpm, 300 rpm, and 400. The data were analyzed by using the three-way Analysis of variance (ANOVA) test followed by LSD (p< 0.05). The results showed the cross-sectional shape and force effect on the deflection value and cyclic fatigue received by the endodontic files (p< 0.05). The convex triangle design presented the lowest cyclic fatigue than square. The convex triangular cross-section design showed a higher deflection value than the square cross-section design.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2021
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