BIO Web Conf.
Volume 42, 2022International Scientific and Practical Conference “Sustainable Development of Traditional and Organic Agriculture in the Concept of Green Economy” (SDGE 2021)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Agrobiotechnology in Crop and Livestock Production|
|Published online||13 January 2022|
Stud-breeding work in sheep breeding based on cytogenetic monitoring
National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine, st. Livestock breeders, 1A, 61026 Kharkov, Ukraine
2 Belgorod State Agrarian University, 308503, st. Vavilova, 1, vil. Maysky, Belgorodsky, Belgorod, Russia
3 Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education Penza State Agrarian University, 440014, st. Botanicheskaya, 30, Penza, Russia
4 Kuzbass State Agricultural Academy, 650056, st. Markovtseva, 5, Kemerovo, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
The article presents the results of the cytogenetic monitoring in the breeding, selection and reproduction of sheep in the ecological conditions of Ukraine. A cytogenetic analysis of sheep with low and high vigor and different levels of fertility was carried out. In the ecological conditions of Ukraine, the individual level of chromosomal abnormalities in all the studied animals of the Tsigai breed and prekos is within the natural background. No translocations were found. Among the violations, such as single and paired fragments, hypo- and hyperploidy (mainly hypoploidy), polyploidy were encountered. The maximum average level of chromosomal abnormalities was found in local lambs (5.5 ±1.73%). The minimum average level of chromosomal abnormalities (2.0 ±1.41%) was recorded in lambs with high growth intensity. Among the structural changes, mutations of the chromosomal type prevailed in the 3-year-old group of rams - 0.46%, in the 8-year-old group - 0.59%. Chromatid disturbances were 0.37% and 0.34%, respectively. The average level of chromosomal abnormalities in rams by groups was 0.84 ±0.14 and 0.93 ±0.13, respectively. In the group of ewes with low fertility (n = 4), the level of chromosomal abnormalities was 3.5%, which is lower than ewes (n = 7) with high fertility by 0.79%.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
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