BIO Web Conf.
Volume 56, 202343rd World Congress of Vine and Wine
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Published online||24 February 2023|
Strategy to minimize phenotyping in the selection of new table grape varieties
Instituto Madrileño de Investigación y Desarrollo Rural, Agrario y Alimentario (IMIDRA), Finca El Encín,
Alcalá de Henares, Spain
Morphological evaluation of large progenies is a problem in plant breeding programs, because of the need for skilled labor capable of characterizing various descriptors in a large number of individuals ripening simultaneously. In addition, the maintenance of progenies in the field for evaluation involves an unsustainable consumption of resources that could be reduced. Marker-assisted selection (MAS) offers the possibility of accelerating the process with the consequent saving of resources. The aim of this work is to propose a methodology that minimizes the phenotyping work for thousands of individuals of these breeding programs. The methodology consists of analyzing the complete progeny with a limited number of markers (27 SSR (Simple Sequence Repeat)) and a reduced description of morphological characters on a so-called training collection (27 individuals) obtained with Mstrat software. With this strategy, it was possible to estimate traits such as berry skin color or seedlessness in a progeny of more than 2000 individuals with a probability of 90%, and to discard 50% of individuals without muscat linked alleles.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2023
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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