BIO Web Conf.
Volume 82, 2024International Scientific and Practical Conference “Methods for Synthesis of New Biologically Active Substances and Their Application in Various Industries of the World Economy – 2023” (MSNBAS2023)
|Number of page(s)
|Environmental Assessment of Synthesis Technologies and Impact on the Environment
|03 January 2024
Influence of tillage methods on carbon dioxide emissions in spring wheat crops
Northern Trans-Ural State Agricultural University, 625003, Respubliki, 7, Tyumen, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The agriculture intensification is associated with an increase in anthropogenic load on arable soils. Tillage leads to disruption of the natural process of soil formation in connection with which the soil biota activity changes and the carbon cycle is disrupted. The purpose of the study is to establish the effects of the tillage method on the carbon dioxide emission in spring wheat crops. The emission of carbon dioxide during the growing season of spring wheat varies significantly depending on the soil processing method and temperature. At the beginning of spring wheat development, the daily emission of carbon dioxide during the dump and subsurface tillage method does not exceed 36.0 and 36.2 CO2 kg/ha using zero technology provides a reduction in production CO2 production to 27.8 kg/ha*day. With an increase in soil temperature by July 24, the daily emission increases on a dump and subsurface background to 105.5 and 106.0 CO2 kg/ha*day, on a zero background to 95.4 CO2 kg/ha*day. In the future, it decreases. The total carbon losses during the dump and subsurface tillage methods are 2829 and 2793 kg/ha, the use of zero tillage technology reduces carbon losses in grain agrocenosis by 18%.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2024
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