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Table 1.

Wine-growing regions and their edaphoclimatic characteristics and altitude above sea level.

Wine-growing Altitude (m) Characteristics
Campanha Gaú cha 150 High number of hours of light, and dry summers.
Southeastern Region 400–600 Dry and sunny summers with cold nights, stony ground
Campos de Cima da Serra 900–1300 High solar incidence, longer vegetative cycle, high aromatic intensity and content of phenolic compounds
Altitude Wines 900–1400 Slow ripening, preser- vation of acidity and high levels of aromatic compounds
Metropolitan Region of Curitiba 900–1100 Hot days and mild nights, stands out for the production of short to medium cycle varieties
South Region of Minas Gerais 800–1000 It was adopted the dou- ble pruning, that causes that the cycle of the grapevine changes, with the maturation happen- ing in the winter
São Paulo State 1000–1300 Fresh nights and excel- lent sunshine that pro- vide a thermal amplitude of 10 C at harvest time
San Francisco Valley 400 Low rainfall (less than 500 mm) and strong sun- shine. Pervious sandy- loam soils

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