BIO Web Conf.
Volume 9, 201740th World Congress of Vine and Wine
|Number of page(s)||3|
|Published online||04 July 2017|
Influence of different commercial yeasts on the phenol pattern of rosé wine
Federal College and Research Center of Pomology and
a e-mail: Karin.Mandl@weinobst.at
In this experiment, 27 different commercial yeasts were tested for their influence on the phenols of a rosé wine. The phenols depend primarily on the vine variety, cultivation and cellar processing. This experiment sought to clarify how great the influence of the yeast on the phenols is. Blaufränkisch grapes with 20° KMW were matured in the cellar with 27 different commercial yeasts. The vinification was carried out in 34 l vessels. An HPLC Agilent Technology 1220 (RRLC) with a column of ZORBAX SB-C18 15 × 2.1 mm (1.8 μm) was used for the measurement. 5 μl of the sample were injected directly. The column oven temperature was 40 °C. The transient was 0.5% formic acid (pH = 2.3) and a gradient of methanol (3%, 4%, 14%, 30% and 70%). The detection took place at 280 and 320 nm. It was shown that the effect of yeast on phenols is low. There was a great influence on the chemical substance tyrosol. This is a phenol that can be formed by the yeast itself. The values varied between 5.4 mg and 13.2 mg/l. The already described influence of the duration of fermentation on tyrosol formation could not be confirmed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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