BIO Web Conf.
Volume 15, 201942nd World Congress of Vine and Wine
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Economy and Law|
|Published online||23 October 2019|
Inventory of environmental certifications throughout the world
Institut Français de la Vigne et du Vin, France
During the XXth century, intensive agricultural practices has been spread and allowed an important increase of productivity, especially thanks to scientific and technical innovations. Nevertheless, this change had consequences on biodiversity, quality of ecosystems and landscapes by a simplification of wine areas. In addition, sociocultural pressures toward agricultural practices had become stronger and stronger. In response, many mobilizations had begun to emerge, especially in the wine sector. For some years, we observed a real dynamic of the sector at the environmental level with the creation of many approaches which are promoting sustainable wine practices. These certifications are various and come up to consumers' wishes for products which are respectful of environment. They can be carried by productors associations, wine regions, cooperatives, wine companies or public authorities. We have inventoried in 22 countries a total of 54 environmental certifications among which 33 are dedicated to viticulture. We categorize them through: the scale (local, national, international), the area (vine, vine and wine, multi agricultural sector), the subjects treated (environment, economic, social) and the dynamic of the approach (voluntary, compulsory, individual or collective). This article informs and sensitizes the actors of wine sector to the diversity of environmental approaches in the world.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2019
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.