BIO Web Conf.
Volume 22, 2020International Conference “Longevity Interventions 2020” (ICLI 2020)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Problems of Gerontology and Geriatrics|
|Published online||06 July 2020|
Development of an effective way to increase the biological activity of nicotinamide – a new strategy to protect against photoageing and skin neoplasia
Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Department of Pharmaceutical and Toxicological Chemistry, 117198, Miklukho-Maklaya str., 6, Moscow, Russian Federation
2 I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University (Sechenov University), Department of Chemistry of the Institute of Pharmacy, 119991, Trubetskaya str., 8-2, Moscow, Russian Federation
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The objective of this work is to demonstrate changes in properties and increase of biological activity of nicotinamide (NAM) substance for skin protectants activated by mechanical activation (MA). To assess the physical, chemical and biological properties of NAM were used biotesting by the Spirotox-method, direct and indirect optical methods (microscopy, laser diffraction), infrared spectroscopy, pH-metry. The results of the study showed an increase in biological activity, expressed in changes in the energy of activation of cell transition to the “dead cell” state on the example of biosensor Spirostomum ambiguum. Also we indicated an increase in the rate of the chemical process of dissolution of mechanoactivated molecular crystals of nicotinamide (NAM) expressed in the values of the first order rate constant. Mechanical activation at a high rate of NAM substance powder deformation has led to changes in physical, chemical and biological properties of the drug, which can be used in medicine to increase efficiency and reduce doses of pharmacotherapy.
Key words: nicotinamide (NAM) / basal cell carcinoma (BCC) / mechanical activation (MA) / microscopy / laser diffraction / Spirotox method
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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