BIO Web Conf.
Volume 45, 202268th Scientific Conference with International Participation “FOOD SCIENCE, ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY – 2021”
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Food Chemistry, Microbiology and Biotechnology|
|Published online||04 February 2022|
Comparative study of DNA extraction methods for identification of medicinal mushrooms
Department of Biotechnology, University of Food Technologies, Plovdiv, Bulgaria
The isolation of high quantity and intact DNA is of a great significance for molecular identification of higher fungi. The aim of this study was to compare two DNA extraction methods for isolation of DNA from medicinal mushrooms of Agaricomycetes class. A modified CTAB method and a modified SDS method were compared by the yield and purity of the extracted DNA, its fragmentation state and suitability for amplification. The results demonstrated high efficiency of both methods in regard to DNA yield (14.18 -144.28 ng DNA/mg biomass with CTAB method and 15.03 -108.34 ng DNA/mg biomass with SDS method). The CTAB method provided DNA extracts with higher purity (A260/A280 ranged from 1.83 to 1.99) in comparison with the SDS method (A260/A280 = 1.53 -1.86). The modified CTAB method produced amplifiable DNA from all mushroom isolates, while the SDS method demonstrated suitability for amplification only in 50% of the samples. Therefore, the modified CTAB method could be the method of choice for DNA extraction from medicinal mushrooms. The analyzed isolates were subjected to molecular identification by ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 rRNA gene sequence analysis and were identified as Ganoderma resinaceum, Trametes versicolor, Fomitopsis pinicola and Inonotus hispidus.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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