BIO Web Conf.
Volume 47, 2022International Scientific and Practical Conference “Innovative Technologies in Agriculture” (ITIA 2022)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Mineral Nutrition Management to Improve the Productivity, Quality and Sustainability of Agricultural Plants|
|Published online||20 June 2022|
Improvement of soybean cultivation technology in the southern forest-steppe of western Siberia
Omsk State Agrarian University named after P.A. Stolypin, Omsk, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Legumes contribute significantly to the nitrogen balance of agrocenosis and terrestrial ecosystems. They fix the free air nitrogen and convert it into forms available to other plants. Legumes are a powerful biological factory of nitrogen fertilizers. The soils are enriched with available forms of nitrogen up to 80 kg/ha during the growing season. This process occurs due to the soil organic matter, stubble, and root residues left after harvesting soybeans. An increased planted area of soybeans in the rotation promotes a significant improvement in the growing conditions of other crops and increases their yield without additional costs. The crop yield is not significantly affected by soil treatment using herbicides in the conditions of the southern forest-steppe of Western Siberia. It is impossible to reduce the infestation of soybean crops to an economically harmless level with the use of a single herbicide. Due to a single application of herbicide and nitrogen-phosphate fertilizers, the yield of soybeans increases by an average of 0.46 t/ha or 51.7%.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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